Students continue to focus on the development of communicative competence and their understanding of Roman culture. Students develop a solid and comprehensive foundation in the target language through the domains of listening, speaking, reading and writing. Vocabulary and grammar structures are presented in historical and real-life contexts and are developed around specific communicative functions. Topics focusing on history, culture, literature and daily life are integrated into instruction, as well as products, practices and perspectives drawn from the target culture. During the language-learning process, students gain insights into how their own language is structured, as well as an increased understanding of the relationship between culture and language. Students also develop an appreciation for the many recreational, educational and occupational uses of Latin beyond the classroom.